Un Sustainable Development Goals Paris Agreement

The link between sustainable development and limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius is recognized by the SDG (SDG 13) which fights climate change and its effects, while recognizing that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is the main international intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate change. The 2017 UN Climate Change Conference was held in Bonn from 6-18 November. Leaders of national governments, cities, states, businesses, investors, NGOs and civil society came together to accelerate the fight against climate change and achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change. To combat climate change, countries adopted the Paris Agreement at COP21 on 12 December 2015 in Paris. The agreement came into force less than a year later. In this agreement, all countries agreed to limit the increase in global temperature to a level well below 2 degrees Celsius and to aim for 1.5 degrees Celsius in the face of serious risks. Limiting global warming to 1.5oC would require rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said in its 2018 climate report. With obvious benefits for humans and natural ecosystems, limiting global warming to 1.5oC compared to 2oC could go hand in hand with the guarantee of a more sustainable and just society. Ambitious measures, already underway around the world, can provide an overview of the CRDPs to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. For example, some countries have introduced clean energy and sustainable transport, while creating environmentally friendly jobs and supporting social programmes to reduce poverty in their own countries. Other examples teach us different ways to promote development through practices inspired by community values. Buen Vivir, for example, a Latin American concept based on indigenous ideas of communities that live in harmony with nature, is linked to peace; Diversity Solidarity rights to education, health and food security, water and energy; And well-being and justice for all. The transition movement, originating in Europe, promotes just and resilient communities through low-carbon living, food self-sufficiency and civic science.

Such examples indicate that ways to reduce poverty and inequality while limiting warming to 1.5oC are possible and can provide guidance for socially desirable, fair and low-carbon prospects. An example of a compromise can be found when ambitious mitigation of climate change, compatible with 1.5oC, alters land use in a way that has a negative impact on sustainable development. An example could be to transform natural forests, agricultural land or indigenous or local land into plantations for bioenergy production. If these changes are not carefully managed, they could undermine the dimensions of sustainable development by threatening food and water security, creating conflicts over land rights and resulting in biodiversity loss. Another compromise could be found for some countries, active, workers and infrastructure that already exist, if fossil fuels are converted to other sources of energy, without any provision for such a transition.

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